How to talk about periods that start in the past and continue in the present.
The Present Perfect splits into three big areas and the period to the present is the area that’s most different to Italian. The Present Perfect Continuous build on concepts in two of these areas.
I usually approach this grammar horizontally–that is, I treat each of the three areas of the Present Perfect Simple before moving to the additional meanings in the Continuous. In this lesson I decided to teach the area vertically, dealing with both the Simple and the Continuous grammar together.