First Conditional – additional forms

Present Continuous, Present Perfect, the Imperative and present modals in the 1st conditional.

The basic structure of all the conditionals is ‘if A ⇒ B’, where A is the condition and B is the result. We use grammar to distinguish between the condition and the result and in the basic version of the first conditional the condition is in the Present Simple and result is expressed using ‘will’.

In this lesson I look at the alternatives we can use in both the condition and the result to extend the meaning. The condition can be expressed using the Present Continuous and the Present Perfect and the result using the present modals–can, may, must–or the Imperative.

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Peter Brook at the Teatro Valle Occupato

A great British director in Rome


Peter Brook is one the great theatre directors of the twentieth century. His 1970 production of A Midsummer Night's Dream made theatre history.

On Friday April 12 at 8pm the Teatro Valle Occupato is screening 'The Tightrope', a documentary about Brook by his son, Simon Brook. The film will be followed by a public debate with Peter Brook.

You can book tickets by sending an email to

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